Cosmetic Surgery

Cosmetic Surgery, Plastic Surgery—What’s the Difference?

If you’ve always thought cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery were one in the same, you’re not alone. A significant number of plastic surgeons choose to focus their practice on cosmetic surgery, and as such, the terms are often used interchangeably. But this is not technically correct. Cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery are closely related specialties, but they are not the same.

Cosmetic Surgery & Plastic Surgery Have Different Goals

While both cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery deal with improving a patient’s body, the overarching philosophies guiding the training, research, and goals for patient outcomes are different.

Cosmetic Surgery: Focused on Enhancing Appearance

The procedures, techniques, and principles of cosmetic surgery are entirely focused on enhancing a patient’s appearance. Improving aesthetic appeal, symmetry, and proportion are the key goals.

Cosmetic surgery can be performed on all areas of the head, neck, and body. Because the treated areas function properly, cosmetic surgery is elective. Cosmetic surgery is practiced by doctors from a variety of medical fields, including plastic surgeons.

The scope of cosmetic surgery procedures includes:
  • Breast Enhancement: Augmentation, Lift, Reduction
  • Facial Contouring: Rhinoplasty, Chin, or Cheek Enhancement
  • Facial Rejuvenation: Facelift, Eyelid Lift, Neck Lift, Brow Lift
  • Body Contouring: Tummy Tuck, Liposuction, Gynecomastia Treatment
  • Skin Rejuvenation: Laser Resurfacing, Botox®, Filler Treatments

Plastic Surgery: Focused on Repairing Defects to Reconstruct a Normal Function & Appearance

Plastic surgery is defined as a surgical specialty dedicated to reconstruction of facial and body defects due to birth disorders, trauma, burns, and disease. Plastic surgery is intended to correct dysfunctional areas of the body and is reconstructive in nature.

While many plastic surgeons choose to complete additional training and perform cosmetic surgery as well, the basis of their surgical training remains reconstructive plastic surgery.

In fact, in 1999, the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons changed its name to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons to more strongly communicate the message that “plastic and reconstructive surgeons are one in the same.”

Examples of plastic surgery procedures:
  • Breast Reconstruction
  • Burn Repair Surgery
  • Congenital Defect Repair: Cleft Palate, Extremity Defect Repair
  • Lower Extremity Reconstruction
  • Hand Surgery
  • Scar Revision Surgery

Main Overseas Procedures

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Academic Procedures

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Aesthetics Face and Neck

Injections against wrinkles
  •    Injection of hyaluronic acid
  •    Wrinkle fillers and injections of resorbable products
  •    Wrinkle injections semi-resorbable products
  •    Non-resorbable injectable implants
  •    Injection of botulinum toxin against wrinkles
Mesotherapy facial mesolift
Son tensor (“Russian son" - "son notched")
Remodeling facial injections
Remodeling and cosmetic nose
Tighten the skin by radio frequency
Carboxytherapy & face
The anti-aging microcurrent

Skin condition

Carboxytherapy & face
Dermo-pigmentation in medical aesthetics
Lasers and pulsed lights
  •    Laser and brown spots
  •    Laser and rosacea
  •    Remove tattoos laser
  •    Fractional CO² laser
  •    Wrinkle treatment by abrasion lasers
Peels and scrubs
  •    The mild peeling
  •    The medium and deep peels
  •    The phenol peel
  •    The micro-dermabrasion
Photorejuvenation Intense Pulsed Light IPL
Phototherapy: LED lights
Laser scars and stretch marks
Injection of platelet extracts

Cellulite and weight

Liporeductions: reduce dimpling cellulite
Focused ultrasound against cellulite (HIFU)
Carboxytherapy, cellulite and stretch marks
Liporeduction Shockwave
Cellulite Mesotherapy
Cold lasers against cellulite

Legs and Vessels

Cosmetic phlebectomy
Sclerosis of vessels and spider veins
Endovenous laser treatment of varicose veins
Rosacea and red vessels electro-coagulation
Vascular laser and spider veins

Hair and fur

Electrical definitive hair removal
Laser hair removal
Hair transplant

Hands rejuvenation

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