- Complete Abdominoplasty: This kind of tummy tuck surgery requires two incisions- one at the navel and the other across the lower abdomen, between the pubic hairline and the belly button. This surgery may also involve the repositioning of the navel. First, the abdominal skin is lifted and the weakened muscles therein are repaired. Then the second cut is made which removes the excess tissue and fat present in the upper abdomen. After this, the stomach muscles or the remaining skin is worked upon and is made tighter. Sutures, skin adhesives, or clips are used to close the cuts.
- Partial/Mini Abdominoplasty: This surgery is similar to complete abdominoplasty. The difference here, is that only one incision is needed: at the navel. This type of surgery is generally recommended for people who have fat deposits.
- Women who are planning a pregnancy, people who can achieve results with exercise and people planning weight loss regimes should not undergo a tummy tuck surgery.
- Patients should adequately relax after this surgery and should take all the precautions that the doctor asks for. Patients generally need to give themselves 4 weeks to recover from a tummy tuck. They also need to take an approval from the doctor, before flying back to their country after this surgical procedure is performed.
- There are certain risks that are associated with this surgery like infection, scarring, persistent pain, possibility of revisional surgery, bruising, numbness, recurrent loosening of skin, fluid accumulation, blood clots, general allergy to blood anesthetics, fat necrosis (fatty tissue in the skin might die), and deep vein thrombosis, cardiac and pulmonary complications.
- The surgeon asks patients to sign consent forms to ensure awareness of the patient about how the procedure will take place and also about the associated risks. Therefore, one must be thoroughly informed about the surgery and must clarify any doubts that they might have.
- Certain tummy tuck procedures require the use of surgical drains. These help in the discharge of fluids during the recovery time. These are generally removed after 1-2 weeks. During this time, the patients should be very careful while taking a shower.
- A tummy tuck can take place in a hospital, an accredited office-based surgical facility, or a licensed ambulatory surgical center.
- The patient should get a prior medical examination done and should inform the doctor of any health conditions or associated risk factors that he may have.
- Smoking, consumption of blood thinning and other herbal medicines should be stopped at least one week prior to the surgery.
- If the surgery is taking place on an outpatient basis, then one must arrange somebody to drive them at the place of rest and stay with them for the first night after the surgery.